to a new academic year 2013 -14

The newly elected Pupil Leadership Team; Head Boy & Girl supported by Deputy Head Boy & Girl, showing off the new school uniform which has been introduced this September.  The PLT were able to welcome our new Year 7s to their first day at Toynbee and provide guidance and advice for their timetabled classes.  There has been an excellent response to our new uniform, and pupils have made a superb start to the new school year.  Thank you to all our parents who have helped us to improve our uniform to its current high standard.  

Community Paralympic Games Sat 27 July

As part of our commitment to the Olympic legacy, Toynbee held a mini paralympics event at the wekend and launched a new Boccia club which will run every week.  See report in 'The Echo' below.

News article

Media Studies trip to Harry Potter Studios 18 July

HP film set

Media Studies students from Years 9 & 10 enjoyed a fabulous day at the Warner Brothers Studios studying and experiencing the film sets where the eight Harry Potter movies were filmed.  Students were able to walk through Hogwart's Feasting Hall, see all the costumes and film sets including No 4 Privet Drive, Professor Snape's Potions Lab, the Burrow and all the iconic props used in the film including the Flying Car, Harry's broomstick and Hagrid's motorbike.  There was even a chance to have your photograph taken in the Flying Car or on a broomstick.  Everyone had a fantastic time and we all want to go again!

Sports Day 11 July 2013

There was just one last task for Assistant Headteacher Miss Scott, to fulfil before her retirement after 37 years at Toynbee School; presenting the winners cup to tutor reps from 10FB.  CONGRATULATIONS!

Sports Day winners

Southampton Schools - Best Physics Student of the Year! 11 July

Best Physics student 

Many congratulations to two of our Year 11 pupils,  for being awarded this title. The event was hosted by the Physics & Astronomy Department at the University of Southampton, funded by the Ogden Trust and celebrated the exceptional students studying Physics in all of Southampton’s schools. All award winners became automatically eligible to apply for an Ogden Trust Undergraduate Science Scholarship, should they chose to study a Physics degree at a leading British university.


The guest speaker was Olympic Team GB diver, Stacie Powell who also studied Physics as an undergraduate and is currently studying for a PhD in Astronomy. She spoke about her love of sport and how her curiosity for how things work had led her to study Physics. It really was an inspiring and motivational speech.

National Award Winner! 10 July

Ntional Award

Out of the hundreds of schools competing in this year’s Rock Challenge, Toynbee school were winners of the National Video Performance Award.  This was won by one Toynbee pupil who directed the camera operators and the film crew director, to indicate what should be in the DVD of the Dance performance. 

Year 7 Geog Visit to QE Country Park

QE Park

On the 10th July, 40 year 7 pupils went to the Queen Elizabeth Country Park to look at sustainability. In the morning, pupils were given a talk on what sustainability means to them, followed by a “question time” activity where pupils had the opportunity to evaluate how sustainable their lives are and the effect this can have on their futures. All pupils demonstrated an excellent knowledge, with staff at the QECP commenting on the knowledge and enthusiasm of our pupils.

Following this, pupils enjoyed some time outside in the sunshine finding clues around the site which helped them to answer questions relating to the sustainability of this tourist attraction. This included a trip to their reed bed toilet system where urine is converted into drinking water!

After lunch, pupils were put into mixed groups and asked to build a waterproof den using only the materials they could find in the woodland area. After 45 minutes each group had produced some excellent shelters, although after pouring a bottle of water on them, we found some to be more waterproof than others!

The pupils were absolutely amazing! They were enthusiastic, polite and an absolute pleasure to take away for the day. A real credit to of Toynbee School!  

                Our Magnificent Prom 4 July

It was truly 'Independence Day' for our Year 11s as they celebrated in grand style at Chilworth Manor.  Arriving in Ferraris, Buses, VW Camper Vans, Bentleys, Horse & Carriages, Mini Trains, motor bikes and seemingly every variety of classic car, the promers enjoyed a glorious evening of dancing and celebrating with friends and staff of the school.

Promers  Promers 2

Promers 3 Promers 4

National Boccia Champion 5 July

National Boccia Champ

boccia champ

After successfully competing at the Regional Boccia Championships, Toynbee VI pupils in Year 8 and  10 represented the South of England at the National Boccia Finals. Our Year 8 pupil who was one of the youngest participants in the competition, did fantastically well finishing in 4th position. Our year 10 pupil, who was attending the finals for the second year running,  performed sensationally to eventually take home the title of U25 National Champion. Mrs Taylor, Head of VI said, "The school are incredibly proud of both pupils' achievements and I would like to personally thank the Headteacher, Mr Longden, for supporting these pupils which really does emphasise the school's inclusive ethos."

GREASE Review ***** 3 - 5 July

If you were not lucky enough to get a seat for the packed out performances of 'Grease', you missed a real treat!  This production was buzzing with energy, incredible talent and great enthusiasm.  The live band provided real excitement throughout the piece and the cast really captured the zeitgeist of the original with amazing performances which created a party atmosphere on stage as the story unfolded.  A FANTASTIC production and Well Done to Mrs Azor and Miss Parrott for their joint directing skills.



Year 6 Induction Day 2 July

A big WELCOME to our new Year 7 cohort who shall be arriving at Toynbee in September.  Here they are at the end of their first day with us having experienced lessons all day, a library induction, lunchtime and an 'Egg Drop Challenge'.  The Year 9 student mentors said the new Year 7s had been fabulous all day. 

New Year 7s

Hampshire Book Award 30 June

Seven of our Year 8 avid readers took part in the regional discussion and voting morning for the Hampshire Book Awards 2013. Over the past few months, participating pupils had to read the six shortlisted titles, evaluate them against the Award criteria then judge their favourite. The regional event involved lively discussion and debate with students from other participating schools followed by a literacy quiz and the final announcement of the winner, combining the votes from every regional event. By the closest ever margin – only one vote – My Sister Lives on the Mantelpiece by Annabel Pitcher was voted this year’s winner.

Hants Book Award

As a reward for their hard work, our pupils will be invited to attend the Award ceremony next Autumn, when the author will be invited to talk to all the participants, receive her award and sign copies of her book.


Summer Music Concert 27 June


A packed Theatre, wonderful voices, talented instrumental performances and a balmy summer's evening, ensured that we all enjoyed a superb night of musical entertainment, provided by Yr 7 - 11 pupils.  It was a real pleasure to sit in the audience and hear the different acts perform a wide range of styles from rock, to classic, through jazz, folk, pop and choral works; the evening was amazing.  Well Done to all involved.




Primary Gifted & Talented Workshop

in Spanish 26 June


Fifteen specially selected pupils from our local Primary feeder schools were invited to spend a day in the Modern Foreign Languages Department at Toynbee submerging themselves in the language and culture of Spain.  The Year 5 & 6 pupils had an intensive day of vocabulary and grammar work, helped by Year 9 language mentors, and displayed their new skills in drama and role play.  A challening and enjoyable day for everyone involved.


Spanish G&T Day



Spanish Day


Wimbledon Visit 24 June



On day one of the 2013 tournament a group of year eight pupils made the relatively short journey to the famous Wimbledon Championships. The group were chosen by the PE department for their excellent work, commitment and leadership within the department. It was a fantastic day of tennis on Court Number One. We watched Victoria Azarenka play first, followed by Rafa Nadal's unfortunate early exit and then former champion Lleyton Hewitt play Swiss star Stanislav Wawrinka. We were even lucky enough to see Maria Sharapova warming up on an outside court and left pretty tired at 8.45pm when the light finally faded. It was an inspiring and unforgettable day.


Science Winners of 'My School is an Island' 20 June


Over the past 10 weeks, four Year 8 Science Leaders have taken on the challenge of designing Toynbee school as if it were an island. The Island School had to meet all the requirements of Toynbee, including the number of pupils using the school & their living needs. However, the geographical location could be changed in order to improve the levels of sunshine to grow crops and most importantly to produce electricity. Also, careful consideration was given to the safety issues of living on the island.

Science winners


Firstly, our pupils carried out extensive research, which had to be submitted in a written report. Secondly they made a model and a display as a visual method of communicating the project to the assessors who visited and questioned them during the Assessment Day on 20th June at the SeaCity Museum.  Our pupils were judged against another 12 schools and were rewarded The Best Overall Project and have been given the prize of spending one day on a Patrol Boat with the Royal Navy.

Great guidance was received from the mentor, Andrew Gilbert from Selex ES.


A massive well done to:

Nasser Ksous

Tarran Balghan

Toby Peters

Patricja Bialecka,

who have been stretched beyond limits!

Rock Challenge Success! 20 June

Rock Challenge


After qualifying for the final earlier in the year, 80 Toynbee students returned to Portsmouth Guidlhall for the '2013 Be Your best Rock Challenge Southern Finals.' Their dance called 'Phone Home' is based on the film E.T. and condenses the film into 8 minutes of dance performance. With one of the biggest groups in the competition, consisting of pupils from all year groups in the school, they competed not only against other schools but also sixth form colleges. The competition was of a very high standard and although Toynbee didn’t come in the top 5, the students came away with 2 awards; the Award for Lighting (an award Toynbee had won previously for their Thunderbirds piece in the 2011 Rock challenge competition) and the Award for Video Direction (another award that Toynbee had won in the previous heat that had got them to this final).  These awards are so much more than many of the other competing schools received on the evening, so we are very proud of the students' achievement.  HUGE Congratulations to all those involved.


Year 8 Geography Trip to Monks Brook 13 June

Pupils in Monks Brook

On Thursday 14th June, the whole of Yr 8 went to Monks Brook with the trainee Geography teachers from the University of Southampton.  We are lucky enough to be the only school in Hampshire to benefit from such a link which enables us to take a whole year group to a river for free.  During their trip, pupils carried out a number of activities that built on knowledge gained in class including planning what Fleming Park could be used for, measuring river speed, depth and material size, as well as drawing and labelling field sketches. Happily the weather held for us and a great day out was had by all. 

Thank you to Southampton University for organising this great day for our fantastic Geographers! 

 Goodbye & Good luck to our Year 11s! 24 May



Following a last morning of lessons, lots of shirt signing and a magnificent celebration assembly lasting over 2 hours, we said goodbye to our Year 11s who begin their GCSE exams in earnest after half term.  We are very proud of this year group who have always particpated 100% in school life, given their personal best in all they do, represented the school on many notable occasions and been wonderful all round.  We want to wish them all the best in their exams and their futures beyond Toynbee school; they deserve success and happiness. 



The History Department set a challenging homework for Year 7!  In just 3-4 weeks,  students had to either create a museum display, produce a film, write a historical story, or produce a fact file. The quality of the work produced was outstanding and it provided a great opportunity for the school to invite parents in to see what fantastic work the students had handed in.  The year 7 students should be very proud of their work, and many parents said how proud and impressed they had been with the work on display.  Following requests from parents, we will be inviting Year 7 and 8 parents to come and celebrate all the project and class work they have been doing on America on 3rd July (2-4pm) so please come and join us to see what the Summer term has involved.


Hums logo winners

Year 7 & 8 pupils have won the best design awards for new Humanities signage and logos to be used around the school. 

The winning logo design was based around the Toynbee shield with Humanities symbols representing our four Hums subjects; Geography, History, Languages and RS.  The logo will be used on letters, homework tasks and lesson resources so look out for it.  The Humanities sign design was selected as the winner as it was colourful and employed letters to represent the four subjects.  This will be placed on Humanities classrooms and office doors around the school.  Hums Faculty Director, Ms Falcon said, "We had a tough time selecting the winners as there were many great designs.  Thank you for all of your hard work."

YEAR 7 Maths Challenge Winners

@Southampton University 15 May

Maths Chall

We are extremely proud of the academic talent and achievement displayed by two of our Year 7 pupils who gained Third place and a Merit Award in the County Wide challenge.  The Award ceremony, held at Southapton university last night, was a real occasion to celebrate the talent of young mathematicians and with over 700 gifted mathematicians taking part our two pupils show great promise for the future.


Another successful team of Year 9s!

Challenge winners 

Our team of four competed in the Business & Enterprise Challenge sponsored by local hotels, winning first prize against 10 local schools.  Their teacher Miss Kitchener said, "our pupils were well dressed, polite, incisive and greeted all the business mentors professionally.  In fact, the team were mature throughout the day and responded really well to some tough tasks."  The judges were so impressed with our team that not only will our four receive their stated prize of free breakfasts, lunches and dinners at a range of local hotels, but they have also been invited to help Winchester Holiday Inn to redesign their Youtube page!  Congratulations to all involved.

WINNERS of the UK Panasonic KWN Competition 2 May

Congratulations to the ten Year 9 pupils who recently travelled to Redditch to learn that they had won the best short film for 'Storytelling' in the UK and came second overall in this national competition.  The Toynbee film crew created a short film about our reliance on mobile phones and the judges commented that the message had been conveyed in a " fun and novel way."  This is a massive achievement for all the pupils involved. 

KWN winners 


Toynbee School held its Second Annual Paralympics Day earlier this month specifically designed for young people who have physical and sensory impairments, and those with severe learning disabilities. Over 125 pupils from eleven different schools from across Hampshire attended the event and were able to participate in a variety of Paralympic activities. Activities included Wheelchair Rugby, Archery, Judo, Goalball, Boccia, and many more. These activities were led by coaches, two of whom were Paralympians, and supported by over 50 Toynbee Young Sports Leaders who were a credit to the school. The feedback from the young people and staff who attended the event was overwhelming and there was a real buzz around the school throughout the day.

Paralympic Day

WINNERS of the 'STREETSENSE' Competition

Congratulations to two Year 7 girls who have won the County-wide video competition run by Hants County's  Principal Road Safety Officer to promote greater road safety.  Judges commented that "the messaging in this video is very strong and the key information is presented very well."  The girls now have the opportunity to work with a creative video company to take their porduction onto the next step.  WELL DONE! 

Year 7 girls who won the competition

You can see the video by clicking on the link

Year 9 in the Community

A small group of Year 9 pupils volunteered to support and work with the over 60s in local community groups in the 'Heritage 100 Roadshow' project which set out to capture memories of life in the past.  What was special about this project was the requirement for the over 60s to use ipad technology to record their memories, so this is where the year 9 pupils were able to help out.  Working at Winchester Record office, Velmore, the Almhouses and Romsey Blind Club our pupils "were a tremendous help and really added to the sparkle of events" said organiser Emma Golby-Kirk, "as they were able to open a whole new world of technology support in a sympathetic and mature manner."  We'd like to thank all those pupils who volunteered their time for this very worthwhile inter-generational learning project.

heritage roadshow heritage roadshow

In particular, Emma wanted to thank the blind pupils who helped support at the Romsey Blind Club as their enthususiasm was much appreciated.


Liam Hall who has won the title of Regional Boccia Champion!

The competition took place in Godalming overseen by the coach from Boccia England who was very impressed with Liam and also Katy Kermish who came second.  Both pupils now qualify to play in the National Championships in Nottingham in July.  We wish them luck!   

Boccia champion

Well Done also to Jodie Wheeler & Callum Ogilvie who came 9th & 6th respectively.

 Comic Relief iconWELL DONE Yr 7s

who raised £150 for charity with their cake sale & bench ball competition for Comic Relief Day


Living Rainforest Yr 7 Trip


rainforest  rainforest

On Monday 4th March, 45 year 7 pupils took a trip to the rainforest! Well, the living rainforest in Newbury! With an expert guide pupils were able to understand how the many weird and wonderful plants and animals of the rainforest had adapted to the climatic conditions of this unique ecosystem. Pupils were also given an independent task to search and find answers using the many informative signs located around the site. The pupils’ behaviour and manners were impeccable and they were a credit to Toynbee School. Thank you to all staff and pupils involved. Another successful and worthwhile trip to the rainforest!


Planting for the Future!!!


The Pupil leadership team were delighted to take part in a tree planting ceremony thanks to Waitrose


As part of Waitrose's commitment to the community, they have donated fruit trees in order that schools can develop their 'green credentials' as well as having productive trees which can provide fruit for the pupils in Food Technology lessons and the canteen.


We are delighted to be taking part in this great community scheme.

(Thank you to the Yr 10 Photography Students for taking photos)




Year 11 Music GCSE Concert



On Thursday Year 11 GCSE Music students held their performance evening. Parents and friends were treated to a variety of solo and ensemble performances. Our MC's for the event, had all the slickness and wittiness of Steven Fry. They guided the audience through the dazzling display of performances ranging from Elgar to Black Sabbath.



Rock Challenge success!!!!

Congratulations to all the amazing pupils who took part in the area competition in Southampton last night.


We came second overall which was a great achievement. We will now wait to see the results of the Portsmouth final to see if we get through to “regionals”.


Yet another brilliant event involving so many of our talented young people across all year groups.

Charity fund Raiser for Comic relief


Staff treated pupils to a lunch time goal ball event today in the sports in order to raise funds for the schools comic relief campaign. Well done to all involved keep on fund raising.

Toynbee School Celebrating in Literary Style – Literally!

'World Book Day'


Today, pupils and staff marked the annual international celebration of reading by dressing up as characters from their favourite books. A plethora of characters, from The Hunger Games’ Katnis, to Miss Havisham and even The Cat in the Hat, spent the day sharing recommended reads and showcasing their own creative writing skills in a short story competition.  Sam Davies, Year Seven, enthused, “The day has been about getting involved with books and that is what we’ve really done!”  However, it wasn’t just the lower school who seized the opportunity to get into character; one audacious Yr 10 student – male – chose to become Miss Marple and, as winner for his year group, this certainly paid off! 


Mrs Hein, English teacher, added, “Sam is quite right.  Our aim at Toynbee is to ensure that a love of reading fostered by family and through early education does not diminish in the teenage years.  With the intrusion of so many other means by which young people can wile away their spare time and, I am quite sure, not get much reward, the benefits of reading cannot be underestimated.  Reading is not only good for GCSE results: it is good for the soul.”

Derek the Teddy Successfully Launched!


On a very cold Sunday morning in the middle of the New Forest, after 2 postponed launch dates Derek the Teddy finally  started his mission.  A group of Students from Southampton University and the Toynbee Science Club spend 2 hours prepping the bear and all of his onboard equipment for his journey of a lifetime.  At 11.50am Derek took off for two and a half hours reaching 34000 metres.  Derek parachuted to safety and landed in a tree just outside Midhurst in Sussex at around 3pm. Map of Derek's Journey. Watch out for Derek on BBC South Today this evening (Mon 4th March). Watch Derek in space here.

Daily Echo Report on Derek The Teddy Read Here

Headteacher's February Newsletter - Download Here!



Toynbee Science Club are launching Derek the Ted in to space. Read More 

*UPDATED 1/3/2013 - TAKEOFF NOW Sunday 3/3/13 view here


Prom Fayre

Click Here for More Infomation on The Prom Fayre


Community Event - Click Here


Holocaust Survivor - Walter Kammerling Feb 2013


Wlater & Year 9s


Year 9 School Council representatives and Year 10 History Leaders with Walter Kammerling, who addressed the year group and spoke about his family's poignant history during the second world war. Many of the pupils were visibly moved by Walter's memories and said it was a day they 'would never forget.'  


Well Done to Year 7s


Rowing medal line up


Real talent on show this week from our Year 7s who scooped two major sporting prizes.  First the Year 7 boys won their Rugby festival only losing one game in the entire competition and then the incredible feat of one of our Year 7 girls who won the Indoor Rowing title.  Her performance of rowing 504 metres in 2 minutes put her 14 metres ahead of the Gold Medal National time recommended by British Rowing.  We are very proud that she is now going on to represent Hampshire in the National Finals.  Good Luck! 


GCSE Food Technology - Jan 2013


Students with food  Student with food


Year 11 Food students in the final stages of their practical element with just the theoretical write ups to go.


Anti Bullying Pledge


SLT Anti Bullying pledge


The Senior Leadership team with their pledge as part of a very successful Anti Bullying Week.  Pupils led assemblies, set up information stalls selling T shirts and wrist bands and mentors even arranged a music gig to raise awareness of the school and community's values on this topic. 


 Charity Fundraising Dec 2012 - Staff Dodgeball Team


Staff dodgeball team


Year 9 pupils and staff raised £92 for 'Children in Need.'

Pupils crowded into the Sports Hall during lunchtime to watch the teams play as well as selling homemade cakes at break and lunchtimes. Well Done to all involved!


Presentation Evening  Dec 2012


Presentation Evening


Shield & Cup winners from 2012 Leavers who returned to school along with the rest of their year group and their parents for an evening of celebration and awards.  The year group achieved 71% A* - C with some of the highest achieving students above gaining 10 A*s.  Congratulations to all 2012 Leavers.


Celebrating Xmas at Chandler's Ford Church



A packed church and over 100 performers made this an extra special event for parents, staff, pupils and members of the local community.


Yr 9 Geog Trip to Disney Dec 2012

Forty three Geographers travelled to Disneyland Paris to study the issues of industrial location, tourist spheres of influence and global brands. During the trip, pupils completed a series of exercises including a quality of environment study, analysis of the impact of global brands and a survey to assess where tourists had travelled from, to visit the park. They were also involved in a group presentation to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of Disneyland Paris on the local people, environment and economy.


 The trip was a great success and pupils' work and behaviour were a real credit to Toynbee School. Thank you to all staff and pupils who made this trip so enjoyable.

Year 7 BookBuzz  Dec 2012


There is great excitement amongst our Year 7 pupils and a real “Bookbuzz” around the school as each of them has been given a new book to keep, read and enjoy. The School’s current literacy focus is on reading. To encourage and support Year 7 with their reading, the School (with a donation from the PTA) have funded a FREE BOOK for these pupils, chosen from The Booktrust’s Bookbuzz Scheme.


Children reading books 


To celebrate receiving their books, pupils are invited to take part in follow-up activities including an extreme reading competition and an e-wall on the school portal to review and leave comments about the books, with the best winning prizes.




Year 7 Butser Farm History trip 23 Nov

A break in the rain on Fri 23 Nov allowed 48 Year 7 pupils to make the journey to a dry but muddy Butser Ancient farm.  As pupils got off the bus they were escorted into the Celtic Round House where a warm fire greeted them.  Pupils were then told the story of the Celtic tribes from long ago and how the house was made.  The pupils were then split into 'two tribes' to complete different activities.

Some were given a tour around a Roman villa and made plasterboard Roman 'masterpieces,' while others were set the challenge of spinning wool and carving stone using Roman tools.  Pupils asked some fantastic questions and demonstrated excellent prior knowledge from their recent studies in class of the Roman empire.  The day was a great success and the pupils did a great job of representing Toynbee school.

Christmas Fayre 16 Nov

Thanks to Toynbee school's PTA who organised a very successful evening full of  Christmas crafts, gifts and food.  The event raised over a £1,000 which will go towards the 'grand piano' fund.  Thanks also to the many staff and pupils who either ran stalls or sand carols around the Christmas tree.

 Christmas Fair  Christmas fair 2 

Year 10 Visit to Ypres, Belgium

27 Oct 2012

48 GCSE Historians travelled to Ypres to visit the First World War battlefields and surrounding cemeteries.  The trip included visits to the Menin Gate, Tyne Cot cemetery, Sanctuary Wood trenches and the German cemetery at Langemark. 


The trip was a great success.  Pupils responses to the sites visited, were thoughtful & mature.  Staff thought the pupils were fantastic and a real credit to the school, having experienced some very emotional and moving scenes.  We hope it made a lasting impression on them and is especially poignant  coming up to Remembrance Day.

Ypres trenches 

 New LRC & Examination timetable pages added to website!  See 'Information' tab

Letter to Parents regarding GCSE Summer English Results Click Here

Jake Perry & torch   Olympic torch

Year 11 Jake Perry - Olympic Torch bearer for Eastleigh

Jake has been giving assemblies this week about his story - read BBC article here


Olympic rings 

Learn about our new Olympic Reward scheme for pupils which has been launched this term in assemblies based around the Olympic values of...

 Inspiration, Detemination, Excellence, Courage & Equality

Click Here to Download


who won the Hampshire Literary Quiz last week confidently beating off all our local and Winchester schools

Literary Quiz Winners

Well Done to Toynbee pupils who raised £117 for Autism Charity

on 'Silly Sock Day' in school last week

Silly Sock Day for Autism Charity

KWN Winners!  Congratulations to the Year 9s for winning the 'Team Prize'

Good Luck in the London finals in August!

KWN Winners Image 


…to our new look website.

We have decided to have a bit of a facelift and introduce some new features which we hope you will find extremely useful.

First there is our new diary section which gives you an active oversight of the school calendar.  We shall be adding and updating to this all the time so that key dates and events will be accessible for you.

Next, we have a new, secure on-line payment system so that parents can simply log on and pay for trips, dinner money and equipment directly without the need for pupils to bring cash into school.

Our information bars also have some new pages and we have ensured that some of the most useful links for parents and pupils are available on the front page.

More features will be added over the months ahead, so keep logging in and let us know what you think or what you would find useful.